Starting February 12, 2020, the procedure for using “unmanned aerial vehicles” is simplified, which includes, for example, quadrocopters and drones. In a new blog on ITMO . NEWS Eugenia Normark, 1st category legal adviser at the Department of Legal Support in Economics and Finance at ITMO University, explains when and under what conditions it will be easier to use drones.
In accordance with the new rules, quadrocopter flights no longer require the presentation of a flight plan, obtaining permission to use airspace, establishing temporary, local modes and short-term restrictions.
However, such permissions are not necessary only if the following conditions are met:
- the maximum take-off weight of the quadrocopter should not exceed 30 kg,
- the external pilot maintains direct visual contact with the quadrocopter, and does not follow it with the help of instruments (the so-called “visual flight of an unmanned aircraft”),
- the flight is carried out within line of sight in daylight at altitudes of less than 150 meters from the earth or water surface in airspace,
The flight should not be made within:
- Dispatch zones of civil aviation aerodromes, areas of aerodromes (heliports) of state and experimental aviation,
- airspace above the venues of public events, official sporting events, as well as security events held in accordance with the Federal Law “On State Protection”,
- restricted areas
- flight restriction zones,
- special zones
- less than 5 km away from the control points of uncontrolled airfields and landing sites.
In addition, the requirement to obtain permission from local authorities for flying quadrocopters with a maximum take-off mass of less than 0.25 kg over populated areas is excluded.
Otherwise, the procedure for using airspace by quadrocopters has not changed.
We add that for violation of the rules for the use of airspace established administrative and criminal liability. For example, Article 11.4 of the Code of Administrative Offenses provides for a fine in the amount of 20,000 to 50,000 rubles for citizens. The fine for an official will be from 100,000 to 150,000 rubles, for a legal entity – from 250,000 to 300,000 rubles or administrative suspension of activity for up to 90 days.